Even 80 years after opening, the opulent architecture of underground Moscow sees foreign visitors leave dazed. Taken with the Russian habit, metro stations in Moscow are considered to be some real museum rooms, the rest of the world.
Open to the public in 1935, Moscow’s subway system was designed as a huge propaganda project. Extravagant design was designed to be in line with forecasts bright future of Russia , providing architects keywords being “Svet” (trans: universal) and “sveltloe buduschchee” (trans: bright future). The initial plan was that many of the stations to be exposed busts of Soviet leaders and murals showing the standard elements of propaganda. They were removed many years ago, but the architecture and decorative elements fail, even today, is overwhelming.
- The first plans of an underground public transport system in Moscow dates back to the Russian Empire , but the construction works were delayed by World War I , the Bolshevik Revolution and Russian Civil War
- Engineers who worked on Moscow‘s metro network counterparts have benefited from London’s oldest subway system in the world
- Initially, the Russian capital‘s metro line had a length of 11 km and 13 stations. Currently, the network has 12 lines, 197 stations and a length of about 330 km
One of the most extravagant projects of the USSR, Moscow‘s subway system was built with the thought that each state should be “a luxurious palace for citizens”. Stalin asked the architects to incorporate elements at each station to encourage people to look around “as if admiring the sun” and, by extension, to consider himself a god.
The heyday of Russian architecture came to an end in 1955 when the Communist Party decreed that “should be deleted extravagance in design and construction.” After Stalin’s death , his images were removed gradually from subway stations – the sculptures were moved to warehouses and mosaics were simply removed. The construction of new metro stations were avoided impressive decorative elements are considered “unjustified” because his party prefers “kilometers, to the detriment of architecture“.Fortunately, the original architecture of the first metro stations was left intact, managing to capture the attention of foreign visitors, even after 80 years since the inauguration.
Museums Of Moscow
The Victory Park is a big Complex of expositions and monuments that was set up at 1995 as commemoration of this World War II. You will find the memorial church of St., the museum George, the Holocaust commemorative synagogue, this memorial mosque, this open air army hardware exhibition, and a series of sculptures. The Museum’s exposition contains six dioramas of important conflicts of the Soviet Union and the Nazis. From the open air grounds military lovers may find more than 350 samples of armaments along with technology structures from both sides of the battle. To look at photos of Victory Park & WWII Museum.
Opening Hours of this Museum: Tuesday – Sunday 10.00am-7.00pm, on the last Thursday of each month is closed. Monino Air Force Museum – The Central Air Force Museum at Monino is Russia’s largest aviation and among the biggest on earth. More than 170 plane are on display in this hangars or in this open air place. They all are real and many were sent to there by this air on their own. Among the most interesting displays are the largest aircraft of this early 20 century Ilya Muromets, World War II La-7 of Ivan Kozhedub, Soviet Concorde, Tupolev-95, the largest transportation helicopter Mi-12.
To look at pictures of Monino Air Force Museum. Space Museum & VDNKh – The Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics was founded in 1981 and reopened in 2009 after the total reconstruction. Visitors may see the first rocket engine developed from Tsander, cosmonauts space suits, space dogs, versions of a moon rover and sputniks. Children might experience flight simulators along with try astronauts food. The displays include a life size model of this space station Mir’s core module along with original re-entry vehicles of spacecraft Soyuz. To look at pictures of Moscow Space Museum. The VDNKh, or this Exhibition of this People’s Economic Achivements, was ambitious project run at 1939 to showcase this USSR’s achivements at all fields of economics.
On this grounds of 580 acres were constructed dozens of exhibition pavilions, laid out gardens along with introduced winner cows throughout the country. Today’s VDNKh is just an empty shell of its wonderful past, but still worth visiting. To look at pictures of VDNKh. Opening Hours of this VDNKh: daily 9.00-19.00, Monday – Friday 9.00-21.00, weekend 9.00-22.00. Stalin’s Bunker – The bunker for this Supreme commander-in chief of Red Army Joseph Stalin was finished just before the World War II. The place for this secret object was chosen in Izmaylovo from this north east of Moscow, and a big stadium on top was intended to function as its false front. There are tanks out of WWI, WW II, along with the Cold War. A few of them were produced in the Soviet Union, Some were captured as war trophies and supplied by the Allies as lend lease supplies.
Museum trains of Moscow
ancient trains of moscow... old soviet train cars and engines now on display in moscow, russia.