Manila (Philippine English:/məˈnɪlə/; Filipino: Maynilà, [majˈnilaʔ]) is the capital city of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen urban communities which, alongside the district of Pateros, make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region, whose general populace is around 12 million.
The city of Manila is found on the eastern shore of Manila Bay and is flanked by the urban areas of Navotas and Caloocan to the north; Quezon City and San Juan to the northeast; Mandaluyong to the east; Makati to the southeast, and Pasay to the south. It has an aggregate populace of 1,652,171 making it the second most crowded city in the Philippines, behind Quezon City. The masses possess an area range of just 2,498 hectares, making Manila apparently the most thickly populated city in the world.
Manila has numerous exploratory and instructive foundations, various game offices, and other socially and verifiably critical venues. The city is politically isolated into six authoritative areas and comprises of sixteen spots: Binondo, Ermita, Intramuros, Malate, Paco, Pandacan, Port Area, Quiapo, Sampaloc, San Andrés, San Miguel, San Nicolas, Santa Ana, Santa Cruz, Santa Mesa and Tondo. These spots are towns and groups retained by Manila the nineteenth Century.
The most punctual composed record of the city is the tenth century Laguna Copperplate Inscription which depicts a Malay kingdom in what is presently Manila keeping up political relations with the Indianized Kingdom of Medang in current Java. The city had special exchange with Ming Dynasty China, which enlisted the spot as “東都” (Dongdu). It then turned into an area of the Maharajanate of Majapahit and was called by its Sanskrit title, “षेलुरोन्ग्” (Selurong) before it was attacked by Brunei’s Sultan Bolkiah and renamed كوتا سلودونڠ (Kota Saludong)or just Maynilà, abbreviated from the Arabic epithet for Selurong, امان الله (Amanillah) signifying, “Security of God” or from the statement “Maynilad”, a local Tagalog term demonstrating the vicinity of Nilad flowers.
By the fifteenth century, it was ostensibly Islamized until the Spanish Conquistadors arrived through Mexico. They renamed the territory Nuevo Reino de Castilla (New Kingdom of Castille) and abbreviated the moniker, Maynilà to Manila and utilizing it as the authority name.