Tourism can be extremely beneficial to stimulating the economy, but in some cases it also creates problems because some areas are simply not prepared to cope with the huge wave of visitors or their negligence.
Local politicians are dissatisfied, comparing the country with Disneyland. In addition to the impetus needed for the post-recession economy, there are also less positive aspects: prices have risen, becoming inaccessible to citizens, and infrastructure is giving up pressure. Locals also complain that tourists are destroying the fragile ecosystem, trampling on untouched sites so far and leaving a lot of misery behind. Cuba According to the Tourism Ministry of Cuba , four million people visited Cuba in 2016, a 13% increase over the previous year. Tourist growth was not without negative consequences for the country’s inhabitants: lack of food, the basic food being completely inaccessible to local people. Local hotels and restaurants buy bulk supplies for guests, increasing prices and stopping limited amounts for citizens. The situation has reached the table of the Cuban government that has set some price limits to make them more accessible to residents, but this has only encouraged traders to sell their products on the black market, according to The New York Times .
Gorgeous landscapes have been used as decoration for movies such as “The Lord of the Rings” and “The Hobbit”. Tourism is a crucial component of the economy, contributing annually to GDP by 9.7 billion dollars and accounting for 7.5% of the workforce. However, residents complain that tourists do not respect the environment at all and camp everywhere, leaving behind garbage, and the country does not have the necessary infrastructure to handle garbage and human waste. Also, hotels are overcrowded, parking places are insurmountable, as are public toilets.
The beach town has quickly moved from a quiet paradise to a celebrity center. According to a Newsweek survey, the city has struggled to keep pace with rising popularity, but local hotels have polluted the ecosystem and discharged domestic waters into nearby rivers. A local activist described the situation as “a clock bomb”, explaining that there are not enough efficient processes to deal with waste that is thrown in the middle of the locality.
Machu Pichu, Peru
Machu Picchu has a limit of 2,500 visitors per day, set by Peru and Unesco. However, the number of tourists continues to be a problem. In 2015, nearly 1.3 million people visited the site, and this left its mark on ancient ruins, and the government was forced to develop a new plan to reduce the number of tourists. In the new project, which will be implemented in 2019, tourists will be required to be accompanied by guides, to step only on special routes and have a limited time to visit the site. Santorini, Greece The island of Santorini is known for white houses on the hills and overlooking the sea. They have now become an ideal place for investors and bloggers specializing in tourism. In 2015, a record number of cruise ships was recorded, with 10,000 people visiting the area in one. This summer, authorities have set a limit of 8,000 tourists per day.
A group of wild pigs have populated the island of the Bahamas and have recently become a major tourist attraction. Even Donald Trump Jr. has posted on Instagram a picture of it appearing near such an animal. Earlier this year, however, seven of the pigs were found dead, and the original reports claimed that the animals received food and alcohol from the tourists. National Geographic later reported that the death of pigs was most likely caused by sand, but tourists are also not to blame. An inspector of the Bahamas Humane Society claimed that pigs became dependent on snacks offered by tourists to such an extent that their lifestyle was completely affected.
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