Annually, road expenses amount to 72 billion francs, including accidents, health care and environmental damage, according to the Federal Statistical Office.By comparison, costs for other means of transport are lower.The cost of rail transport in 2015 was nearly 11 billion francs, and air freight costs of 6.4 billion francs, while water transport costs 344 million francs.The Federal Statistical Office of Switzerland has begun to collect data on transport costs from 2010, when there has been a substantial increase in total costs.
Between 2010 and 2015, aviation has become 14% more expensive, rail transport spending has increased by 12% and motorized traffic has increased by 2%.
According to the European Railway Performance (RPI) index, published by the Boston Consulting Group (BCG), Switzerland had the best European rail system in 2017, as in 2012 and 2015 when the previous dedicated reports railways in Europe.“Switzerland is intensively using the railway system, especially for passenger traffic, and it also has a good rating for the quality of services a very good safety rating,” the BCG report says.
Ratings are from 1 to 10 points.In the category “at least six out of ten” are the best European rail systems: Switzerland (7.2 points), Denmark (6.8 points), Finland (6.6 points), Austria and Germany (both 6, 1 points), Sweden and France (both with six points).Romania and Bulgaria ranked last, both with 1.9 points.
The BCG report considers three key components of the performance of the European rail system: Intensity of use, service quality and safety.