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5 masterpieces and landscapes to see in Istanbul


5 masterpieces and landscapes to see in Istanbul

Istanbul is a city of contrasts that surprises tourists both through its history and the architecture of buildings and the authentic and oriental spirit. The touristic objectives are very diverse and if you think of what to visit in Istanbul, you must know that it is a pity to miss cruises on the Bosphorus, mosques and famous bazaars, Hagia Sophia / St. Sophia Cathedral or the Church of Holy Wisdom Hagia Sophia, one of the largest religious buildings in the world, was built on the ruins of two other churches on the order of Emperor Justinian I, who wished a gold, silver and marble worship place brought from Greece and Africa.

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Saint Sofia’s Cathedral was inaugurated on December 26, 537, after the five-year work of over 10,000 people. The legends say that at the sight of the Byzantine masterpiece, Justinian exclaimed: “Solomon, we have overcome you.” In the fifteenth century, after more than 900 years, the church became a mosque and it was added to its graves, minarets (the high tower of the geamies, the top of which called the believers to prayer) and fountains to enhance its beauty and uniqueness. In 1935, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk awarded him the status of museum. With a millennium-mile history, burned, hit by earthquakes and robbery, Hagia Sophia continued to stand.

Hagia Sophia / St. Sophia Cathedral or the Church of Holy Wisdom Hagia Sophia, one of the largest religious buildings in the world, was built on the ruins of two other churches on the order of Emperor Justinian I, who wished a gold, silver and marble worship place brought from Greece and Africa. Saint Sofia’s Cathedral was inaugurated on December 26, 537, after the five-year work of over 10,000 people. The legends say that at the sight of the Byzantine masterpiece, Justinian exclaimed: “Solomon, we have overcome you.” In the fifteenth century, after more than 900 years, the church became a mosque and it was added to its graves, minarets (the high tower of the geamies, the top of which called the believers to prayer) and fountains to enhance its beauty and uniqueness. In 1935, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk awarded him the status of museum. With a millennium-mile history, burned, hit by earthquakes and robbery, Hagia Sophia continued to stand.

Topkapi Palace After the conquest of Constantinople in the mid-fifteenth century, Mehmet II wanted to build a residence to the Ottoman Empire . Topkapi Palace is a mosaic of palaces, courtyards, pavilions and gardens, all culminating with terraces where you can admire the Marmara Sea, the Golden Horn, the Bosphorus and the Islands of Principles. The treasure is one of the main attractions, where you can admire the huge gems, the daggers beaten with rubies, the Persian, Ottoman, Chinese and Russian jade pieces, but most importantly the impressive Diamond Kasikci, which has not less than 86 karats, beaten in 49 brilliant. Also there can be visited Harem , where the Turkish series “Suleyman Magnificul” was shot. The harem was the area in the palace strictly forbidden to men. The only men who had access here were the eunuchs who took care of the 800 sultan’s concubines. These were either slaves given to the sultan or war, but once entered the palace they were well educated to rise to the sultan ‘s wishes. The Sultan‘s concubine passage and bedroom will tell you unpredictable stories.

Dolmabahce Palace Dolmabahce Palace is the symbol of Istanbul and was built in the nineteenth century, being dedicated to sultan Abdulmecit. It is also considered the largest palace of the Ottoman Empire. The Dolmabahce palace, which you can admire on the European bank of the Bosphorus, has 285 rooms, 43 salons where receptions were organized, and interior fittings are as opulence. Here you will see huge chandeliers of Boehmia crystals weighing no less than 4 tons. Beyond the opulence that represents it, this palace is appreciated by the Turks because here Mustafa Kemal Ataturk died. Since his death, November 10, 1938, 09.05, all clocks in Dolmabahce Palace have been stopped at this time. There are really impressive feelings that every Turkish citizen carries on their leader even 80 years after his death.

Blue Mosque The Blue Mosque is known to tourists around the world because of its blue-tinted interior. Built in the 17th century, during the sultan Ahmet I, the Blue Mosque is next to the Suleiman Mosque, the most beautiful in Istanbul. This is where all five Islam-specific jobs take place daily. It contains 21,000 blue Iznik ceramic tiles and is the most mined mosque in Turkey (six), which puts it in the second place in the world after the Mecca Mosque with seven minarets.

Bridge and tower Galata The Galata Bridge began its history in 1453, when the boats were laid side-by-side to form a mobile bridge under Ottoman armies. 50 years later, plans were made for the first bridge in the region, plans signed by Leonardo da Vinci but refused by sultan Baiazid II. Michelangelo’s contribution was even requested, but the latter refused to participate in the project, which was so delayed until the nineteenth century. After four other bridges were built and demolished, the fifth bridge, the Galata bridge of today, was built in 1994. Used by cars, trams and pedestrians, the Galata Bridge is a mixture of tastes and cultures. On the lower floor of the bridge there is an area for commercial activities, with restaurants, food street, cafes and hookahs.Encircled at the end of the Galata Tower and the other on the spice market, the Galata Bridge is the place to visit in Istanbul at sunset because the scenery becomes amazing: at the end of the bridge rises the Galata Tower and, in the back, the minarets of the mosque , the whole hill being shrouded by red shades. The Galata Tower has a long history. It was built in 528, and was later rebuilt from stone in order to serve the region’s guard in 1248. Later, the Galata Tower was turned into a prison, and in 1453, when the Ottomans conquered Istanbul, it was used like barn. Today it is visited especially for the impressive view of its balcony.

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